Nationaal Archief. Collectie, tentoonstellingen en activiteiten

Warners

2.21.249
J.A.A. Bervoets, G.P.H.M. Cransveld
Nationaal Archief, Den Haag
1986
cc0

Beschrijving van het archief

Naam archiefblok:

2.21.249
Auteur: J.A.A. Bervoets, G.P.H.M. Cransveld
Nationaal Archief, Den Haag
1986
CC0

Periode:

1941-1980

Omvang:

6.10 meter; 465 inventarisnummers.

Taal van het archiefmateriaal:

Het merendeel der stukken is in het Nederlands. Een deel is gesteld in het Engels.

Soort archiefmateriaal:

Normale geschreven, getypte en gedrukte documenten, geen bijzondere handschriften.

Archiefbewaarplaats:

Nationaal Archief, Den Haag

Samenvatting van de inhoud van het archief:

Het archief van C.J. Warners bestaat uit stukken die opgemaakt werden uit hoofde van de door hem uitgevoerde functies tijdens en kort na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Te vinden zijn onder meer publicaties en persoverzichten van de Regerings Voorlichtingendienst in Batavia, stukken inzake de organisatie van inlichtingendiensten in bezet Nederland en Nederlands-Indië, studies inzake infiltratie van door Japan bezet Sumatra door geheim agenten, rapporten over de organisatie van radio-omroepen in Nederland en communicatiemogelijkheden in Nederlands-Indië, stukken met betrekking tot de psychologische oorlogsvoering, verslagen van vergaderingen van de voorlopige federale regering in Batavia, rapporten van internationale overlegorganen over de Indonesische kwestie, verslagen van besprekingen met de Indonesische autoriteiten en de Ronde Tafel Conferentie, militaire-, politieke en economische inlichtingenrapporten, stukken inzake het herstel van de infrastructuur in Nederlands-Indië en Nieuw-Guinea na de bevrijding, en teksten van toespraken gehouden door Warners.

Archiefvormers:

  • Warners, Cornelis Jacobus (1900-1980)

Archiefvorming

Geschiedenis van de archiefvormer

Curriculum Vitae van ir C.J. Warners

1. Name: Ir WARNERS, Cornelis, Jacobus.

2. Born: Leersum (Holland) 20th August 1900.

3. Lower school, High school, engineer in private companies; telegraph- and telephone services. (1918-1922); Technical University (Oct. 1922-Sept. 1924) for mechanical and electrical engineer; Sept. 1924 degree (doctoral) as grad. electrical engineer (Ir).

4. Oct. 1924-Oct. 1925

military service (Royal-Field-Artillery), 2nd Lieutenant Royal Netherlands Army Reserve.

5. 1926-1936

Engineer P.T.T.-Services in Netherlands Indies (Chief of research-laboratories, planning and construction-department; chief of several exploitation-districts; representative for N.E.I. at conference Comité Consultatif International de Radio-Lisbon (1934).

1936-1940

Chief-Engineer, Head of Telephone Services.

1936

Mission to Siam and Malaya.

1940- March 6th 1942

  • Chairman of Permanent Radio
  • Commission in N.E.I.
  • Chairman of Communications-
  • Commission of Council for State
  • Mobilisation

6. 1934-1941

Study for promotion to Doctor in Technical Sciences.

Object: Economic periodical phenomena".

Studies unfinished by war; papers, calculations, statistics etc. lost by Japanese invasion and looting.

7. Military ranks and functions. See 4.

  • 1927 1st Lieutenant Field Art. Royal Neth. Ind. A. Res.
  • 1938 1st Lieutenant "Engineers" Royal Neth. Ind. A. Res.
  • 1938 Captain "Engineers" Royal Neth. Ind. A. Res.
  • 1941 Lt. Colonel, in activa service G.H.Q. Bandoeng. In charge of Military Authority over P.T.T. and Radio-broadcast service and organizations
  • 1942 Liaison Off. C.i.C. Abdacom (Gen. Wavell)
  • 1943 Colonel (See 8)
  • 1947 Dismissed from active service; back to Reserve

8. 1942-1945

March 1942

Capitulation of the N.E.I. By order of the Governor General (Jhr.Tj. van Starkenborg Stachouwer) left Java, together with others (Under command of Lt. Governor General Dr. van Mook) to proceed to London to be at disposal of the Netherlands Government (in exile).

May 1942-May 1943

Counsellor-adviser of Dutch Prime Minister (Dr Gerbrandy) and Ministry of General Warfare. Main objects Broadcastpolicy in war; adviser Indonesian affairs; re-organization of (Dutch) Intelligence Services; reconstruction-planning for the return of Dutch Government to Holland.

May 1943-April 1944

As colonel attached to Netherlands Representative at Combined Chiefs of Staff C, Washington and liaison-officer at Office of Strategic Services (Major General Donovan) for planning and organization of Intelligence services to/from (occupied) N.E.I.

April 1944-Febr. 1945

Attached to Staff of C.I.C.S.E.A.C. (Adm. Mountbatten) as Chief of N.E.I.-Civil Affairs Section.

Main objects planning of Civil government for Sumatra, Banka, Billiton and Riouw Archipelago (political, finance, medical services, import of supplies, communications, roads- and bridge-repair, railways, harbours, shipping, police and administration); psychological warfare.

Febr. 1945

Delegate for N.E.I. at U.N.R.R.A.-conference at Lapstone (Australia).

March 1945

Appointed Director of the Department "Verkeer en Waterstaat" (traffic, communications, public utilities) of the N.E.I.-Government at Brisbane, under Lt. Governor General Dr van Mook. Temporary Director of Economic Affairs (4 months),

Main objects Technical supplies; rehabilitation of communications tin-mining, rehabilitation of oil-production, civil airtransport, motor-transport, harbours; construction of tugs and barges; purchase of war-surplus-material at Hollandia, Finchaven, Biak, Morotai.

9. 2 Oct. 1945

Arrival at Batavia. Director of the Department "Verkeer en Waterstaat". (Railway services, Civil Aviation and air-transport, harbours, roads and bridges, irrigation, power-supply, P.T.T.-services, Postsavingsbank, general import of technical supplies, mining, tin-exploitation, geology, coal-exploitation, meteorological and geophysical service, road-traffic, dredging, general reconstruction of towns and houses, planological service). All services had to be re-organized, re-equiped, re-financed, re-constructed.

10. March 1948

With the foundation of the Prae-federal-Government under Dr. van Mook some new departments were established and therefore a reshuffle of responsibilities and activities of the Civil Departments, the head of which became Secretary of State, took place.

March 1948

Appointed Secretary of State for "Verkeer, Energie en mijnwezen" (Traffic, Powersupply and Mining, i.e. combined railway-services, civil-aviation, harbours, power-supply, P.T.T.-services, Postsavingsbank, mining, tin-exploitation, geology, coal-exploitation, meteorological and geophysical service, motor-transport-service, roadtraffic, dredging, technical supplies).

27 December 1949

Transfer of Souvereignty of Indonesia from the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the Republic of the Federal States of Indonesia. Return to Holland.

11. From Oct. 1945-Dec. 1949 several functions were exercised:

  1. Chairman of Directorate Army, Navy, Civil Air-transport. (The Directorate consisted of Secretarfy of State for "Verkeer en Waterstaat" (Chairman), Commander in Chief Royal Netherlands Indies Army and Commander in Chief of Royal Navy. Its task was the coordination of available aircraft for transportation of men and supplies).
  2. Chairmand of Tin-Council for Indonesia. (The Tin-Council, members of which were the Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, for Finance, Director of Billiton-Cy, Head of Banka-Tin-exploitation, Head of Mining-division, had been established to deal with all questions regarding the reconstruction of tin-mines, the commercial policy and the preparation of future organization of tin-exploitation).
  3. Chairman of Board of Directors of the Foundation for exploitation and liquidation of Supply Bases. (The Board consisted of Secretary of State for "Verkeer en Waterstaat" (Chairman), Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Secretary of State for Finance, Quarter Master-General, President of Java Bank and others. Its task was to organise the exploitation and maintenance of the supply-bases, purchased from American surplus-material in Hollandia, Biak, Morotai, Woendi, Australia; the distribution of the material; the financial arrangements and control and the final liquidation).
  4. Member of the Financial-Economic Council. (The Financial-Economic Council consisted of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Chairman), Finance, Justice, Social Affairs, Internal Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Treasurer General. Its task was to advise the Government regarding all matters relating to financial-economy affairs (Banking, agriculture, rice-procurement, general economic and financial policy in budgetary affairs, foreign-currency-policy), foreign trade, rehabilitation of domestic industries, fishery, rubber, tea, coffee, etc.; foreign loans; Marshall-help.
  5. Member and vice-chairman of the Council for foreign-currency-control. (The Council for foreign-currency-control consisted of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Chairman), Finance, "Verkeer en Waterstaat" and President of Java's Bank. Its functions may be well-known (control of import and export and the allocation of foreign-currency for procurement of supply for the various activities, reconstruction, etc).
  6. Member of the Council for Sea-traffic and -transport. (The Council for Sea-traffic and -transport consisted of Secretary of State for Shipping (Chairman), Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Secretary of State for "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Secretary of State for Finance, Commander in Chief Royal Navy. Its task was the coordination of all means and ships for internal sea-traffic and the reconstruction of inter-insular shipping lines).
  7. Member of the Council for Transmigration and Emigration. (The Council for Transmigration and Emigration consisted of Secretary of State for Social Affairs (Chairman), Economic Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Internal Affairs, Justice, Shipping. Its task was to study all problems involved in transmigration and emigration of population from Java to other islands and to advise the Goverment).
  8. Member of the Council for Housing. (The Council for Housing consisted of Secretary of State for Social Affairs (Chairman), Commander in Chief Royal Netherlands Indies Army, Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Reconstruction of Towns and Housing, Internal Affairs, Its task was to give directions tot the local housing-commissions for the allocation of houses, office-buildings, barracks, hotels, etc.).
  9. Member of the Council for Restitutions of Right. (The Council for Restitution of Right consisted of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Finance, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Justice, President of Java's Bank President of High Court of Justice, Chairman of Council of Enterprisors, Treasurer General. The Counsil dealt with all juridical questions in connection with the restitution of Right and the restoration of legal relations after the war).
  10. Member of the Council for War-damage. (The Council for War-damage consisted of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Internal Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Social Affairs, President Java's Bank. Its task was to investigate all claims for war-damage and to prepare a complete survey of the damage and to advise the Government regarding all matters of compensation of war-damage).
  11. Member of the Council for Reconstruction and Prosperity. (The Council for Reconstruction and Prosperity consisted of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Finance, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", Reconstruction, Internal Affairs, Social Affairs, Treasurer General. Its task was to advise the Government regarding all planning for Reconstruction and Prosperity, initiated by the different Departments, or by the Council itself).
  12. Member of the Budget-Commission. (The Budget-Commission, under Chairmanship of the Governer General and Membership of the Secretary of State for Finance, Economic Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat" and Treasurer General, had to scrutinize the proposed budgets of all departments and to prepare the final budget-act.).
  13. Member of the advisory commission for monetary questions. (The advisory commission for monetary questions consisted of Secretary of State for Finance, Economic Affairs, "Verkeer en Waterstaat", President Java's Bank, Treasurer General, Director "Deviezen-Instituut", advised the Government about general monetary policy).
  14. Curator of the University of Indonesia and acting President-Curator.
  15. Chairman of the Curatorium of the Technical Faculty at Bandoeng.
  16. Member of the Coordination-Committee The Netherlands - N.E.I. (The Coordination-Committee consisted of the Dutch Ministers for Finance, Economic Affairs, Overseas Territories and the Neth. Indies Secretaries of State for Finance, Economic Affairs and "Verkeer en Waterstaat". The College had to deal with all matters regarding financial-economic relations between Holland and Netherlands Indies (monotary relations, loans, im- and export programs, transfer, industrial programs etc.).

12. Since May 1951

Director-General of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute at De Bilt.

Permanent Representative for the Netherlands with W.M.O. (World Meteorological Organisation).

13. October 1965: ultimo 1970.

Adviseur Chef Staf civiele Verdediging.

(Ministerie van Algemene Zaken.

Other memberships and activities

  1. Member of the Utrecht Society of Arts and Sciences.
  2. Member of the Netherlands Geodetical Commission.
  3. Member of the Netherlands National Committee for the International Geophysical Year.
    1. The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute is responsible for the activities of the Netherlands for the IGY regarding Meteorology, Oceanography, Seismology, Terestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Nuclear Radiation.
    2. The R.N.M.I. is responsible for the establishment and the observations of the stations for Terestrial Magnetism at Paramaribo (Neth. Suriname) and Hollandia (Neth. New Guinea).
    3. The Netherlands National Committee for the IGY in March 1955 submitted a proposal tot OSAGI, that measurements of nuclear radiation be taken up in the program during the Geophysical year 1957-1958. During the Brussels meeting 1955 of the SCAGI a study group was formed, which considered specific experiments in relation to the Netherlands proposal. Since the Brussels conference The World meteorological Organization has paid considerable attention to problems related to nuclear radiation. The OSAGI Western Hemisphere Conference in Rio de Janeiro adopted a resolution in favour of the Netherlands proposal. At Barcelona (sept. 1956) the measurement of nuclear radiation has been adopted as activity of the IGY and an interim committee was set up under chairmanship of Dr Bleeker (member of the Netherlands National Committee and Head of Scienctific Research of the R.N.M.I.) to arrange for the establishment of a network of stations and the standardisation of methode for observations and analysis of the nuclear radiation of air and precipitation.
  4. The Royal Netherlands meteorological Institute (R.N.M.I.), in close cooperation with the Medical Biological Laboratory of the Netherlands Defence Organization, in November 1954 started a program for routine-measurement of radioactivity of the atmosphere. Daily measurements during 24 hours are performed now at 4 stations in the Netherlands. The analyses of the nuclides in air and precipitation is done at the Med. Biol. Lab
  5. The R.N.M.I, on request of the Netherlands Civil Defence Organization made a report regarding the meteorological aspects related to the diffusion of radioactivity in case of atomic explosions.
  6. In a letter to the Editor (Prof. Rossby) of "Tellus" (1955,3) Ir C.J. Warners, Dir.Gen. of the R.N.M.I., published some of the results of preliminary experiments and made an appeal to scientists to embark on a program of continuous supervision of the radioactivity of the atmosphere also in other countries.

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